Often asked: What Is A Base In Biology?

Definition. noun, plural: bases. (1) (molecular biology) The nucleobase of a nucleotide involved in base pairing, as of a DNA or RNA polymer. (2) (anatomy) The lowest or bottom part of a plant or animal organ closest to the point of attachment.

What is a simple definition of a base?

A base is a substance that can neutralize the acid by reacting with hydrogen ions. Most bases are minerals that react with acids to form water and salts. Bases include the oxides, hydroxides and carbonates of metals. Bases have a slippery feel and taste bitter. Bases are defined as proton (H+) acceptors.

What is a acid or base in biology?

Acids are substances that provide hydrogen ions (H+) and lower pH, whereas bases provide hydroxide ions (OH) and raise pH. The stronger the acid, the more readily it donates H+. For example, hydrochloric acid and lemon juice are very acidic and readily give up H+ when added to water.

What is a DNA base?

Two nitrogen-containing bases (or nucleotides) that pair together to form the structure of DNA. The four bases in DNA are adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T). These bases form specific pairs (A with T, and G with C).

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What is a base in molecular biology?

In nucleic acid chemistry, one of the nitrogenous compounds, i.e. purines and pyrimidines, that are incorporated into nucleosides, nucleotides and nucleic acids. The most common bases are adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine and uracil, abbreviated as A, C, G, T and U respectively. Tags: Molecular Biology.

What are 5 examples of bases?

Some common strong Arrhenius bases include:

  • Potassium hydroxide (KOH)
  • Sodium hydroxide (NaOH)
  • Barium hydroxide (Ba(OH)2)
  • Caesium hydroxide (CsOH)
  • Strontium hydroxide (Sr(OH)2)
  • Calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2)
  • Lithium hydroxide (LiOH)
  • Rubidium hydroxide (RbOH)

Is a base an alkali?

Alkali is a base. It is a base that dissolves in water. Not all bases are alkali but all alkali is base. It is a basic salt alkali earth metal or alkali metal.

How do you identify a base?

To determine whether a substance is an acid or a base, count the hydrogens on each substance before and after the reaction. If the number of hydrogens has decreased that substance is the acid (donates hydrogen ions). If the number of hydrogens has increased that substance is the base (accepts hydrogen ions).

Why are bases important in biology?

Acids have a higher concentration of hydronium ions than pure water, and a pH lower than 7. Bases have a lower concentration of hydronium ions than pure water, and a pH higher than 7. Acids and bases are important in living organisms because most enzymes function best at a specific pH.

What is a base in biology quizlet?

base. a compound that produces hydroxide ions (OH-) in solution and measures more than 7 on the pH scale.

What are bases in genetics?

Base in DNA: A unit of the DNA. There are 4 bases: adenine (A), guanine (G), thymine (T), and cytosine (C). The sequence of bases (for example, CAG) is the genetic code.

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Is a base pair a gene?

These stretches of DNA are known as genes. Their base pair sequence provides the instructions for bringing together the right amino acids in the right order to build a protein. Some genes are small, only around 300 base pairs; others contain over one million.

What bases are in RNA?

RNA consists of four nitrogenous bases: adenine, cytosine, uracil, and guanine. Uracil is a pyrimidine that is structurally similar to the thymine, another pyrimidine that is found in DNA. Like thymine, uracil can base-pair with adenine (Figure 2).

What is base of the cell?

Most DNA is located in the cell nucleus (where it is called nuclear DNA), but a small amount of DNA can also be found in the mitochondria (where it is called mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA). The information in DNA is stored as a code made up of four chemical bases: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T).

What’s a base in chemistry?

base, in chemistry, any substance that in water solution is slippery to the touch, tastes bitter, changes the colour of indicators (e.g., turns red litmus paper blue), reacts with acids to form salts, and promotes certain chemical reactions (base catalysis).

What is a base in biology pH?

The pH scale is often said to range from 0 to 14, and most solutions do fall within this range, although it’s possible to get a pH below 0 or above 14. Anything below 7.0 is acidic, and anything above 7.0 is alkaline, or basic.

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