Often asked: Where Does Translation In Biology Occur?

Translation occurs in a structure called the ribosome, which is a factory for the synthesis of proteins. The ribosome has a small and a large subunit and is a complex molecule composed of several ribosomal RNA molecules and a number of proteins.

Where does transcription and translation occur in biology?

Transcription occurs in the nucleus, whereas translation occurs in the cytoplasm.

What is DNA translation and where does it occur?

Translation is the process by which the genetic code contained within a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule is decoded to produce a specific sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. It occurs in the cytoplasm following DNA transcription and, like transcription, has three stages: initiation, elongation and termination.

Where does translation occur in a eukaryotic cell?

The eukaryotic nucleus therefore provides a distinct compartment within the cell, allowing transcription and splicing to proceed prior to the beginning of translation. Thus, in eukaryotes, while transcription occurs in the nucleus, translation occurs in the cytoplasm.

Where does translation occur in prokaryotes?

(a) In prokaryotes, the processes of transcription and translation occur simultaneously in the cytoplasm, allowing for a rapid cellular response to an environmental cue.

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What is the process of translation in biology?

Listen to pronunciation. (trans-LAY-shun) In biology, the process by which a cell makes proteins using the genetic information carried in messenger RNA (mRNA). The mRNA is made by copying DNA, and the information it carries tells the cell how to link amino acids together to form proteins.

What happen during translation?

Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. In the cell cytoplasm, the ribosome reads the sequence of the mRNA in groups of three bases to assemble the protein.

Where does replication occur?

In humans, DNA is found in the nucleus of cell. The process of replication (which copies DNA) must take place in the nucleus since this is where the DNA is found.

Where does translation occur in RNA?

Translation occurs in a structure called the ribosome, which is a factory for the synthesis of proteins. The ribosome has a small and a large subunit and is a complex molecule composed of several ribosomal RNA molecules and a number of proteins.

Where does translation occur in eukaryotes and prokaryotes?

Prokaryotic transcription occurs in the cytoplasm alongside translation. Prokaryotic transcription and translation can occur simultaneously. This is impossible in eukaryotes, where transcription occurs in a membrane-bound nucleus while translation occurs outside the nucleus in the cytoplasm.

Does translation occur in the Golgi apparatus?

The Golgi apparatus and ER are key organelles needed for protein synthesis. The ER modifies and folds proteins, and the Golgi packages them for transport.

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Where does translation occur in the cytoplasm?

In prokaryotes (bacteria and archaea), translation occurs in the cytosol, where the large and small subunits of the ribosome bind to the mRNA. In eukaryotes, translation occurs in the cytoplasm or across the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum in a process called co-translational translocation.

Where does translation occur in eukaryotes quizlet?

In a eukaryotic cell, transcription occurs in the nucleus, and translation occurs in the cytoplasm.

Are ribosomes the site where translation takes place?

Ribosomes: Where the translation happens. Translation takes place inside structures called ribosomes, which are made of RNA and protein. Ribosomes organize translation and catalyze the reaction that joins amino acids to make a protein chain.

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