rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), series of connected flattened sacs, part of a continuous membrane organelle within the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells, that plays a central role in the synthesis of proteins.
- 1 What is the function of RER in biology?
- 2 What is RER main function?
- 3 What is RER and SER?
- 4 What does RER and SER stand for in biology?
- 5 Why does RER appear rough?
- 6 Which of the following are functions of RER?
- 7 Why is rough ER important?
- 8 How is RER involved in the production of enzymes?
- 9 What does rough ER contain?
- 10 What is difference between SCR and RER?
- 11 What is difference between smooth ER and rough ER?
- 12 What is the function of SER?
- 13 What is nucleus function?
- 14 What is the nucleus?
- 15 What do the SER and RER have in common?
What is the function of RER in biology?
Functions of Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum. RER helps in the formation of proteins in the cell. The presence of ribosomes is actually responsible for the synthesis of the proteins by the RER. Thus RER is found in excess in those cells where protein synthesis takes place in a large amount.
What is RER main function?
Narration. The endoplasmic reticulum can either be smooth or rough, and in general its function is to produce proteins for the rest of the cell to function. The rough endoplasmic reticulum has on it ribosomes, which are small, round organelles whose function it is to make those proteins.
What is RER and SER?
Quick look. Rough ER (RER) is involved in some protein production, protein folding, quality control and despatch. It is called ‘rough’ because it is studded with ribosomes. Smooth E R (SER) is associated with the production and metabolism of fats and steroid hormones.
What does RER and SER stand for in biology?
ER stands for endoplasmic reticulum. RER stands for rough endoplasmic reticulum. SER stands for smooth endoplasmic reticulum.
Why does RER appear rough?
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER) appears rough because of the presence of ribosomes on it. Ribosomes are sites for biological protein synthesis. Polyribosomes are aggregation of several ribosomes held together by a string of mRNA.
Which of the following are functions of RER?
Option C- Ribosomes is the site of protein synthesis in a cell. Rough has ribosomes attached to it so the function of the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) is protein synthesis.
Why is rough ER important?
The function of the rough ER is to provide a place so ribosomes can produce proteins, and proteins are one of the most important things in a cell. Also, the rough ER is involved in the transportation of proteins to the Golgi apparatus. Additionally, the rough ER makes certain enzymes that are vital to the cells.
How is RER involved in the production of enzymes?
The Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum(RER) is involved in the production of proteins. The ribosomes are the actual sites for protein synthesis. The ribosomes attached to the RER are involved in the synthesis of proteins that are meant to be transported outside the cell (ie., secreted) like several enzymes.
What does rough ER contain?
Rough endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells. Its main function is to produce proteins. It is made up of cisternae, tubules and vesicles. The cisternae are made up of flattened membrane disks, which are involved in the modification of proteins.
What is difference between SCR and RER?
The most basic difference between RER and SER is the presence of ribosomes. When ribosomes attach to the surface of an ER, it gives a characteristic rough appearance; hence it is called Rough ER. On the other hand, a smooth ER does not have ribosomes on its surface. It possesses ribosomes attached to its membrane.
What is difference between smooth ER and rough ER?
The main difference between these two terminologies is that the Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum is known for stocking the lipids and proteins. It is not bounded by ribosomes. Whereas, the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum is bounded by the ribosomes and also stores proteins.
What is the function of SER?
sER is not involved in protein synthesis. Its main function is the synthesis of lipids, steroids, and carbohydrates, as well as the metabolism of exogenous substances, such as drugs or toxins.
What is nucleus function?
The nucleus controls and regulates the activities of the cell (e.g., growth and metabolism) and carries the genes, structures that contain the hereditary information. Nucleoli are small bodies often seen within the nucleus.
What is the nucleus?
A nucleus is a membrane-bound organelle that contains the cell’s chromosomes. Pores in the nuclear membrane allow for the passage of molecules in and out of the nucleus.
What do the SER and RER have in common?
Explanation: The smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) is smooth, and the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) is rough. Both the SER and RER are large continuous sheets of membrane that fold back on themselves to form an enclosed space (lumen).