FAQ: What Biological Macromolecule Is Made Up Of Monomers Like The One Shown Below?

The biological macromolecule is made up of monomers is carbohydrate.

What biological macromolecule is made up of these monomers called nucleotides shown in the figure?

DNA and RNA are made up of monomers known as nucleotides. The nucleotides combine with each other to form a polynucleotide, DNA or RNA. Each nucleotide is made up of three components: a nitrogenous base, a pentose (five-carbon) sugar, and a phosphate group.

What are examples of monomers that make up each macromolecule?

Monosaccharides are the monomers that make up carbohydrates. Glucose is an example of a monosaccharide. Glycerol and fatty acids are the monomers that make up lipids. Nucleotides are the monomers that make up nucleic acids.

What are the 4 macromolecule groups and their monomers?

As we’ve learned, there are four major classes of biological macromolecules:

  • Proteins (polymers of amino acids)
  • Carbohydrates (polymers of sugars)
  • Lipids (polymers of lipid monomers)
  • Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA; polymers of nucleotides)
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What are the 4 macromolecules and what are they made of?

There are four classes of macromolecules ( polysaccharides or carbohydrates, triglycerides or lipids, polypeptides or proteins, and nucleic acids such as DNA & RNA ). Carbohydrates and lipids are made of only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (CHO). Proteins are made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen (CHON).

What is a lipid macromolecule?

Lipids. Lipids are all similar in that they are (at least in part) hydrophobic. There are three important families of lipids: fats, phospholipids and steroids. Fats. Fats are large molecules made of two types of molecules, glycerol and some type of fatty acid.

What macromolecule makes up the cell membrane?

Cell membranes are composed of proteins and lipids. Since they are made up of mostly lipids, only certain substances can move through. Phospholipids are the most abundant type of lipid found in the membrane. Phospholipids are made up of two layers, the outer and inner layers.

How are macromolecule polymers assembled from monomers?

Most macromolecules are made from single subunits, or building blocks, called monomers. The monomers combine with each other via covalent bonds to form larger molecules known as polymers. In doing so, monomers release water molecules as byproducts.

What are monomer proteins made of?

For example, proteins are composed of monomers called amino acids. They are linked together to form a polypeptide chain, which folds into a three dimensional (3D) structure to constitute a functional protein (Figure 1).

What are the 3 monomers of carbohydrates?

Three of the most important monosaccharides are three sugars known as glucose, fructose, and galactose. Each of these monosaccharides at the same chemical formula: C6H12O6.

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What are the 4 main monomers?

There are four main types of monomer, including sugars, amino acids, fatty acids, and nucleotides. Each of these monomer types play important roles in the existence and development of life, and each one can be synthesized abiotically.

Is lipid A macromolecule?

Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids are the four major classes of biological macromolecules —large molecules necessary for life that are built from smaller organic molecules. Macromolecules are made up of single units known as monomers that are joined by covalent bonds to form larger polymers.

What elements make up lipid macromolecules?

All lipids contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Some of them also contain nitrogen and phosphorus. The four main classes of lipids are fats, waxes, sterols, and phospholipids.

What are lipids made of?

Lipids are an essential component of the cell membrane. The structure is typically made of a glycerol backbone, 2 fatty acid tails (hydrophobic), and a phosphate group (hydrophilic). As such, phospholipids are amphipathic.

What are the 4 major biological macromolecules?

There are four major classes of biological macromolecules:

  • carbohydrates.
  • lipids.
  • proteins.
  • nucleic acids.

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