In the biological and social sciences, the consensus is clear: race is a social construct, not a biological attribute. Today, scientists prefer to use the term “ancestry” to describe human diversity (Figure 3).
Social interpretations of race regard the common categorizations of people into different races, often with biologist tagging of particular “racial” attributes beyond mere anatomy, as more socially and culturally determined than based upon biology.
What is the biological concept of race?
In biological taxonomy, race is an informal rank in the taxonomic hierarchy for which various definitions exist. Races may be genetically distinct populations of individuals within the same species, or they may be defined in other ways, e.g. geographically, or physiologically.
What are the differences between race and ethnicity?
“Race” is usually associated with biology and linked with physical characteristics such as skin color or hair texture. “ Ethnicity” is linked with cultural expression and identification. However, both are social constructs used to categorize and characterize seemingly distinct populations.
Is ethnicity biological or cultural?
While ethnicity remains primarily a sociocultural category, it has biological precursors, parameters, and consequences for both individuals and groups. The genetic components of these biological dimensions remain to be identified and quantified.
What is my race if I am Mexican?
Hispanic or Latino: A person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.
What are the 3 human races?
In the last 5,000- 7,000 of years, the geographic barrier split our species into three major races (presented in Figure 9): Negroid (or Africans), Caucasoid (or Europeans) and Mongoloid (or Asians).
What is an example of race and ethnicity?
For example, people might identify their race as Aboriginal, African American or Black, Asian, European American or White, Native American, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, Māori, or some other race. Ethnicity refers to shared cultural characteristics such as language, ancestry, practices, and beliefs.
What are the 5 races?
OMB requires that race data be collectd for a minimum of five groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. OMB permits the Census Bureau to also use a sixth category – Some Other Race. Respondents may report more than one race.