Question: Explain How Organic Polymers Contribute To Biological Diversity?

Polymers are linked together with covalent bonds through dehydration synthesis. Explain how organic polymers contribute to biological diversity: Polymers make up DNA and proteins, so any variation in polymers will vary DNA and proteins, as well.

Why is polymer important in biology?

Biological polymers are large molecules composed of many similar smaller molecules linked together in a chain-like fashion. These giant molecules are also called macromolecules. Natural polymers are used to build tissue and other components in living organisms.

Which of the biological polymers has the most diverse functions?

3.2 | Types and Functions of Proteins Proteins are one of the most abundant organic molecules in living systems and have the most diverse range of functions of all macromolecules. They are all, however, polymers of amino acids, arranged in a linear sequence.

What are biological polymers?

Biopolymers are natural polymers produced by the cells of living organisms. Biopolymers consist of monomeric units that are covalently bonded to form larger molecules.

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What is the basis for such diversity in life’s polymers?

The diversity of macromolecules in the living world is vast, and the possible variety is effectively limitless. What is the basis for such diversity in life’s polymers? These molecules are constructed from only 40 to 50 com- mon monomers and some others that occur rarely.

What is the role of polymers in the DNA?

DNA consists of two long polymers (called strands) that run in opposite directions and form the regular geometry of the double helix. The monomers of DNA are called nucleotides. The bases interact via hydrogen bonds with complementary bases on the other DNA strand in the helix.

What is a polymer in biology quizlet?

Polymer. a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical building blocks linked by a dehydration reactions.

Why are biological macromolecules considered organic?

Biological macromolecules are organic because they contain carbon. One of the hydrogen atoms bonded to the nitrogen atom of an amino acid reacts with the –OH group attached to the terminal carbon on another amino acid.

Why are biological macromolecules important for everyday life?

For example, macromolecules provide structural support, a source of stored fuel, the ability to store and retrieve genetic information, and the ability to speed biochemical reactions. Four major types of macromolecules—proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids—play these important roles in the life of a cell.

What is the importance of biological macromolecules to our lives?

Biological macromolecules are important cellular components and perform a wide array of functions necessary for the survival and growth of living organisms. The four major classes of biological macromolecules are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.

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Why is DNA described as a polymer biology?

DNA is a polymer because it is a bio-molecule that is made up of monomers. The monomers DNA is made up of are called nucleotides.

Why are biological polymers biodegradable?

Polymers, specifically biodegradable polymers, have extremely strong carbon backbones that are difficult to break, such that degradation often starts from the end-groups. Since the degradation begins at the end, a high surface area is common as it allows easy access for either the chemical, light, or organism.

Which feature of large biological molecules explains their great diversity?

The correct answer is (C)The many ways that monomers of each class of biological molecule can be combined into polymers. Large biological molecules are polymers, consisting of many subunits linked to form a long chain.

How do the structures of biological macromolecules determine their properties and functions?

The Three-Dimensional Structure of Biological Macromolecules Determines How They Function. Structural molecular biology uses x-ray diffraction, nuclear magnetic resonance, and other techniques to determine the three-dimensional arrangement of the atoms in biological molecules.

What makes up a biological molecule?

biomolecule, also called biological molecule, any of numerous substances that are produced by cells and living organisms. The four major types of biomolecules are carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins.

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