Question: What Are The Four Major Classes Of Biological Macromolecules?

There are four major classes of biological macromolecules:

  • carbohydrates.
  • lipids.
  • proteins.
  • nucleic acids.

What are the 4 classes of macromolecules examples?

As we’ve learned, there are four major classes of biological macromolecules:

  • Proteins (polymers of amino acids)
  • Carbohydrates (polymers of sugars)
  • Lipids (polymers of lipid monomers)
  • Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA; polymers of nucleotides)

What are the 4 macromolecules made of?

Phospholipids make up cell membranes. Lipids also serve as waxy coverings (cuticle) on plants, pigments (chlorophyll), and steroids. Lipids have more carbon and hydrogen atoms than oxygen atoms. Fats are made of a glycerol (alcohol) and three fatty acid chains.

What are 4 functions of lipids?

Within the body, lipids function as an energy reserve, regulate hormones, transmit nerve impulses, cushion vital organs, and transport fat-soluble nutrients.

Which of the four classes of macromolecules is the most important?

Nucleic acids are the most important macromolecules for the continuity of life. They carry the genetic blueprint of a cell and carry instructions for the functioning of the cell.

What are the four categories of macromolecules quizlet?

Four main types of macromolecules

  • Carbohydrates.
  • Lipids.
  • Protein.
  • Nucleic acids.
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Where are the 4 macromolecules found?

The four types of macromolecules in biology are: lipids, carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids. There are two types of nucleic acids: DNA and RNA. In the case of eukaryotic cells, during the majority of the cell cycle, DNA is located in the nucleus. RNA is located in the nucleus and the cytoplasm.

What are the 4 main elements that make up 95 of an organism?

Most common elements in living things are carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen. These four elements constitute about 95% of your body weight.

What are the 4 lipids?

In Summary: Lipids Major types include fats and oils, waxes, phospholipids, and steroids. Fats are a stored form of energy and are also known as triacylglycerols or triglycerides. Fats are made up of fatty acids and either glycerol or sphingosine.

What are the major classes of lipids?

The three primary types of lipids are phospholipids, sterols, and triglycerides. They each play a different role in the body.

What are the 4 main functions of proteins?

Here are 9 important functions of protein in your body.

  • Growth and Maintenance. Share on Pinterest.
  • Causes Biochemical Reactions.
  • Acts as a Messenger.
  • Provides Structure.
  • Maintains Proper pH.
  • Balances Fluids.
  • Bolsters Immune Health.
  • Transports and Stores Nutrients.

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