Protective gloves are always required whenever handling these biological specimens. Laboratory gowns should be worn always inside the laboratory. Wear additional appropriate PPE including, disposable impervious apron, sleeves, face shield, and goggles as needed. Appropriate footwear also is recommended.
- 1 How do you collect biological specimens?
- 2 What is biological sampling?
- 3 How do you handle a laboratory sample?
- 4 What is the purpose of biological samples?
- 5 How do you preserve a sample?
- 6 What is the procedure for collecting specimens?
- 7 Why do we need to collect biological specimen?
- 8 What is biological specimen preservation?
- 9 Why is sample handling important?
- 10 What precaution should you take when handling any laboratory specimen?
- 11 How do you collect samples?
- 12 How do you preserve blood after collections?
- 13 How do you preserve a blood sample?
How do you collect biological specimens?
Specimen collection requires withdrawing blood, cerebrospinal fluid, collecting urine, or swabs from mucosal surfaces. Specimen collection is performed using aseptic techniques to ensure sterility of the sample and avoid contamination from bacteria or other bodily fluids.
What is biological sampling?
Biological Samples means biological samples (e.g., blood, urine, tissue, saliva, etc.) obtained from Trial Subjects. Biological Samples means blood, fluid and/or tissue biopsy samples collected from Study subjects as set forth in the Protocol, and tangible materials directly or indirectly derived from such samples.
How do you handle a laboratory sample?
Obtaining reliable and accurate laboratory test results
- Avoid patient identification errors.
- Draw the tubes in the proper sequence.
- Use proper containers for collection.
- Mix all tubes ten times by gentle inversion immediately after collection.
- Do not decant specimens from one type of container into another.
What is the purpose of biological samples?
Biological specimens (or biospecimens), such as blood, urine, saliva, and many other types, are collected for a variety of reasons, for normal patient monitoring and care as well as for basic, clinical and epidemiologic research studies.
How do you preserve a sample?
Preservation methods are limited to pH control, chemical addition, amber or opaque bottles, filtration, refrigeration, and freezing. To minimize the potential for volatilization or biodegradation between sampling and analysis, keep the sample as cool as possible without freezing.
What is the procedure for collecting specimens?
There are four steps involved in obtaining a good quality specimen for testing: (1) preparation of the patient, (2) collection of the specimen, (3) processing the specimen, and (4) storing and/or transporting the specimen.
Why do we need to collect biological specimen?
Studies that look at the evolution of animal and plant forms through time are impossible without whole specimens. Preserved specimens also provide verifiable data points for monitoring long-term changes in species health and distribution.”
What is biological specimen preservation?
Beginning in the 17th century, researchers and museums have been able to preserve whole specimens by submersing and storing them in fluid chemicals. Some specimens may not be fixed before being submersed in the fluid preserve. The fluid preserve: The preserve is commonly alcohol, either ethanol or isopropyl alcohol.
Why is sample handling important?
Proper management of samples is critical to the accuracy and reliability of testing, and, therefore, to the confidence in laboratory diagnosis. It is important to provide accurate laboratory results in order to assure good treatment.
What precaution should you take when handling any laboratory specimen?
When handling specimens, universal safety precautions should always be employed. Appropriate protective clothing and personal protective items should be worn. No tissue, even fixed material, should ever be handled with bare hands. It must be kept in mind that noxious agents are present in the laboratory.
How do you collect samples?
Many samples are collected by running a sterile swab over an affected area. Throat, nasal, vaginal, and superficial wound cultures are obtained in this way. Often a trained health professional will take the swab or sometimes you may be asked to do it yourself.
How do you preserve blood after collections?
Whole blood should be allowed to clot and then centrifuged at 1000 × gravitational units (g) for 10 minutes to separate the serum. If there is no centrifuge, the blood can be kept in a refrigerator (4–8°C) until there is complete retraction of the clot from the serum (no longer than 24 hours).
How do you preserve a blood sample?
Whole blood samples should not remain at room temperature longer than 8 hours. If assays are not completed within 8 hours, samples should be stored at +2°C to +8°C no longer than 7 days. If assays are not completed within 7 days, or the sample is to be stored beyond 7 days, samples should be frozen at -15°C to -20°C.