Comparing the Biological Macromolecules
|Macromolecule||Basic Formula, key features||Examples|
|Lipids||C:H:O Greater than 2:1 H:O (carboxyl group)||Butter, oil, cholesterol, beeswax|
|Carbohydrates||C:H:O 1:2:1||Glucose, Fructose, Starch, Glycogen, Cellulose|
|Nucleic Acids||CHONP pentose, nitrogenous base, phosphate||DNA, RNA|
- 1 What biological molecule type does glucose fall under?
- 2 Which type of macromolecule is glucose & What is its function?
- 3 What type of monomer macromolecule is glucose?
- 4 Is glucose a macromolecule?
- 5 Is glucose a compound or molecule?
- 6 Is glucose found in protein?
- 7 Is glucose a carbohydrate?
- 8 Is glucose a monomer or polymer?
- 9 Is carbohydrate a macromolecule?
- 10 Which type of macromolecule is the sugar fructose?
- 11 Why is carbohydrate called carbohydrate?
- 12 Is glucose a macromolecule or Micromolecule?
- 13 What is glucose polymers?
What biological molecule type does glucose fall under?
In other words, the ratio of carbon to hydrogen to oxygen is 1:2:1 in carbohydrate molecules. Carbohydrates are classified into three subtypes: monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. Monosaccharides (mono- = “one”; sacchar- = “sweet”) are simple sugars, the most common of which is glucose.
Which type of macromolecule is glucose & What is its function?
The monosaccharides bond together to form polysaccharides, which are the polymers of carbohydrates. The most common monosaccharide is glucose, which is one of the most valuable sugars for all animals and plants. The function of carbohydrates is to act as an energy source for storage and structure for all living things.
What type of monomer macromolecule is glucose?
Explanation: it is one unit, so a glucose molecule is a monomer (more specifically a monosaccharide ) It can form a polymer ( being starch or glycogen) when a large number of glucose molecules joined together by glycosidic bonds.
Is glucose a macromolecule?
A biological macromolecule is a polymer that occurs naturally in living organisms. Examples of biological macromolecules include carbohydrates and proteins, both of which are essential for life to survive. Glucose is a carbohydrate monomer. Glucose is the molecule that is needed for cellular respiration.
Is glucose a compound or molecule?
Glucose is both a molecule AND a covalent compound. Glucose is made up of three elements: carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They are in a fixed ratio of
Is glucose found in protein?
For most common proteins, 50–80 g of glucose can be derived from 100 g of ingested protein.
Is glucose a carbohydrate?
The two main forms of carbohydrates are: sugars such as fructose, glucose, and lactose. starches, which are found in foods such as starchy vegetables (like potatoes or corn), grains, rice, breads, and cereals.
Is glucose a monomer or polymer?
Sugar Monomers: Glucose is the most common natural monomer. It links together to form polymers of Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen. Glucose also provides a vital source of energy for many organisms.
Is carbohydrate a macromolecule?
Monomers and polymers Carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and proteins are often found as long polymers in nature. Because of their polymeric nature and their large (sometimes huge!) size, they are classified as macromolecules, big (macro-) molecules made through the joining of smaller subunits.
Which type of macromolecule is the sugar fructose?
The molecule sucrose (common table sugar)The carbohydrate monosaccharides (fructose and glucose) are joined to make the disaccharide sucrose. Biological macromolecules all contain carbon in ring or chain form, which means they are classified as organic molecules.
Why is carbohydrate called carbohydrate?
Etymology: Carbohydrates are called carbohydrates because the carbon, hydrogen and oxygen they contain are usually in the proportion to form water with the general formula Cn(H2O)n.
Is glucose a macromolecule or Micromolecule?
Glucose is one of the most important micromolecules that form carbohydrates. It may be found in the form of a ring (cyclic glucose) or an open-chain (acyclic glucose). In plants, glucose micromolecule is produced during photosynthesis where carbon dioxide and water produce glucose and oxygen in a biochemical reaction.
What is glucose polymers?
Glucose polymers are simply extended chains of glucose otherwise known as starch and cellulose. According to the Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine, glucose polymers are used quite frequently in sports energy drinks because they provide a significant energy boost.