Quick Answer: Which Category Of Biological Agents Includes Agents That Could Emerge As Future Threats?

Included among them are the Category A agents – anthrax, dengue, Ebola, smallpox, and tularemia – as well as Category B and C agents such as chikungunya, influenza, and Zika.

What is a Category A biological agent?

Category A These high-priority agents include organisms or toxins that pose the highest risk to the public and national security: Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) Botulism (Clostridium botulinum toxin) Plague (Yersinia pestis) Smallpox (variola major)

What are the three categories of biological agents?

The United States Center for Disease Control (CDC) has divided the agents which can be used as biological weapons into three categories, Category A, B, and C. Though these agents are rarely seen in the United States, we must prepare for them because they pose the greatest risk to our national security.

What are the 3 bioterrorism threat levels?

The biological weapons as per the CDC classification are classified into three categories, Category A, B and C, as given in Table 1, based on the priority of the agents to pose a risk to the national security and the ease with which they can be disseminated [7].

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Which category of biological agents that have some potential for dissemination as well as agents of concern for food and water safety?

Category C Biological agents that have undergone some development for widespread dissemination but do not otherwise meet the criteria for Category A, as well as several biological agents of concern for food and water safety, are included in this category.

What are examples of biological agents?

Biological agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, other microorganisms and their associated toxins. They have the ability to adversely affect human health in a variety of ways, ranging from relatively mild, allergic reactions to serious medical conditions—even death.

What are the types of biological warfare agents?

Agents

  • Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)
  • Arenavirusesplus icon. Treatment & Infection Control.
  • Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax)
  • Botulism (Clostridium botulinum toxin)
  • Brucella species (brucellocis)plus icon. Surveillance & Investigation.
  • Burkholderia mallei (glanders)
  • Burkholderia pseudomallei (melioidosis)
  • Cholera (Vibrio cholerae)

What are the major categories of biological threats?

There are three basic groups of biological agents that could likely be used as weapons: bacteria, viruses and toxins. Biological agents can be spread by spraying them into the air, person-to-person contact, infecting animals that carry the disease to humans and by contaminating food and water.

What are biological threats?

A biologic threat is an infectious disease with the potential to spread and cause an outbreak. Infectious diseases are illnesses caused by germs (such as bacteria and viruses). Biologic threats may spread naturally, as in a worldwide flu outbreak or be released intentionally in a bioterrorism attack.

What are the 6 biological agents?

Biological agents that have been identified as posing the greatest threat are variola major (smallpox), Bacillus anthracis (anthrax), Yersinia pestis (plague), Clostridium botulinum toxin (botulism), Francisella tularensis (tularaemia), filoviruses (Ebola hemorrrhagic fever and Marburg hemorrhagic fever), and

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Which category of biological agents include agents that could emerge as future threats quizlet?

Classification of Bioterrorism Agents Included among Category B agents are ones that could conceivably threaten water and food safety. Category C includes pathogens that are considered emerging infectious disease threats and which could be engineered for mass dissemination.

What are the two categories of bioterrorism?

Bioterrorism agents are divided into three categories based on their ease of spread and the severity of illness they cause. Category A agents are most dangerous, and Category C agents are current emerging threats. Require special action for public health preparedness.

What is the current threat regarding biological agents?

There is a heightened threat of biological weapons being used for biological warfare or bioterrorism. Many of the microorganisms and toxins that may be used as such biological weapons can easily be acquired and mass produced. Dissemination of aerosols of these biological agents can produce mass casualties.

How are biological agents categorized?

Biological Agents are classified in the Code of Practice to the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work (Biological Agents) Regulations 2013 and 2020, into four risk groups – groups 1, 2, 3 and 4. The classification system is based on whether: The agent is pathogenic to humans. The agent is a hazard to employees.

What category is smallpox?

Smallpox is considered a category A biological disease.

What category is anthrax?

Anthrax is classified as a Category A agent. One factor contributing to this classification is the ability of B. anthracis spores to persist in the environment for many years and the difficulty of inactivating them.

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