Readers ask: Smallpox Is What Category Of Biological Agents?

Smallpox has been identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as a “Category A” agent, meaning it has been given high priority due to its potential threat to national security.

What type of biological agent is smallpox?

The CDC has classified 6 biological agents as Category A. They are listed below. Smallpox is a serious, contagious, and sometimes fatal infectious disease.

Is Smallpox a Category A agent?

Included among them are the Category A agents – anthrax, dengue, Ebola, smallpox, and tularemia – as well as Category B and C agents such as chikungunya, influenza, and Zika.

What category is smallpox?

Smallpox is considered a category A biological disease.

What are the classifications of biological agents?

Biological agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, other microorganisms and their associated toxins. They have the ability to adversely affect human health in a variety of ways, ranging from relatively mild, allergic reactions to serious medical conditions—even death.

What are Category A agents?

Bioterrorism agents can be separated into three categories, depending on how easily they can be spread and the severity of illness or death they cause. Category A agents are considered the highest risk and Category C agents are those that are considered emerging threats for disease.

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What is the scientific name of smallpox?

Related Pages. Thousands of years ago, variola virus (smallpox virus) emerged and began causing illness and deaths in human populations, with smallpox outbreaks occurring from time to time.

Is anthrax a biological agent?

Anthrax as a weapon Biological agents are germs that can sicken or kill people, livestock, or crops. Anthrax is one of the most likely agents to be used because: Anthrax spores are easily found in nature, can be produced in a lab, and can last for a long time in the environment.

Which of the following examples is a biological agent?

They include bacteria, viruses, fungi (including yeasts and moulds) and internal human parasites (endoparasites). The majority of these agents are harmless however some may have potential to cause ill health.

What category is anthrax?

Anthrax is classified as a Category A agent. One factor contributing to this classification is the ability of B. anthracis spores to persist in the environment for many years and the difficulty of inactivating them.

Is smallpox RNA or DNA?

Smallpox is a double-stranded, 135- to 375-kilobase (kb) DNA virus that replicates in the cytoplasm of the host cell and forms B-type inclusion bodies (Guarnieri bodies). This is in contrast to herpes viruses, which replicate in the nucleus. The orthopoxviruses are among the largest and most complex of all viruses.

What is biological terrorism?

Español (Spanish) A biological attack, or bioterrorism, is the intentional release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs that can sicken or kill people, livestock, or crops. Bacillus anthracis, the bacteria that causes anthrax, is one of the most likely agents to be used in a biological attack.

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Why is smallpox considered a high priority bioterrorist agent?

Smallpox, because of its high case-fatality rates and transmissibility, now represents one of the most serious bioterrorist threats to the civilian population. Smallpox is considered a category A biological disease.

What are Category 3 pathogens?

Group 3 – An organism that may cause severe human disease and presents a serious hazard to laboratory workers. It may present a risk of spread to the community but there is usually effective prophylaxis or treatment available.

How do you classify agents?

An agent binds the principal by his acts. In other words, a principal is responsible for the acts of the agent to the third parties. When an agent acts for his principal, he has the capacity of his principal. There are 3 classes of agents: General agent, Special agent and Mercantile agent.

How is bioterrorism defined or classified?

Bioterrorism is the intentional release or threat of release of biologic agents (i.e. viruses, bacteria, fungi or their toxins) in order to cause disease or death among human population or food crops and livestock to terrorize a civilian population or manipulate the government [3].

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