Readers ask: What Are The Four Categories Of Biological Molecules And Monomers?

Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids are the four major classes of biological macromolecules—large molecules necessary for life that are built from smaller organic molecules. Macromolecules are made up of single units known as monomers that are joined by covalent bonds to form larger polymers.

What are the 4 biological molecules and their monomers?

There are four major classes of large biological molecules— carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Carbohydrates are made up of monomers called monosaccharides that contain carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen.

What are the 4 types of biological molecules and their monomers and polymers?

As we’ve learned, there are four major classes of biological macromolecules:

  • Proteins (polymers of amino acids)
  • Carbohydrates (polymers of sugars)
  • Lipids (polymers of lipid monomers)
  • Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA; polymers of nucleotides)

What are the 4 types of monomers?

Monomers are atoms or small molecules that bond together to form more complex structures such as polymers. There are four main types of monomer, including sugars, amino acids, fatty acids, and nucleotides.

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What are the 4 major biological macromolecules?

There are four major classes of biological macromolecules:

  • carbohydrates.
  • lipids.
  • proteins.
  • nucleic acids.

What are the 4 types of polymers?

Synthetic polymers are human-made polymers. They can be classified into four main categories: thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and synthetic fibers.

What are monomers and polymers are?

Monomers are small molecules, mostly organic, that can join with other similar molecules to form very large molecules, or polymers. Polymers are a class of synthetic substances composed of multiples of simpler units called monomers. Polymers are chains with an unspecified number of monomeric units.

What is a triglyceride monomer?

The monomers of triglycerides are fatty acids and glycerol. Glycerol is a type of alcohol. Triglycerides are made up of monomers of glycerol molecules each bonded to three fatty acid “tails.”

What are the 4 nucleotide monomers?

The monomers of DNA are called nucleotides. Nucleotides have three components: a base, a sugar (deoxyribose) and a phosphate residue. The four bases are adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T).

What are the four types of DNA?

Because there are four naturally occurring nitrogenous bases, there are four different types of DNA nucleotides: adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C).

What four monomers are used to make the polymer created in transcription?

RNA is a polymer comprised of the nucleotides A, C, G and U. RNA is the working form of our genetic information. RNA is produced via the process of transcription. Some RNA is used to help build ribosomes (rRNA) and some (mRNA) are used to guide the formation of proteins.

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What are the four main categories of biochemical molecules?

The four major types of biomolecules are carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins.

What are the monomers of lipids?

Glycerol and fatty acids are the monomers of lipids.

Why are the 4 macromolecules important?

For example, macromolecules provide structural support, a source of stored fuel, the ability to store and retrieve genetic information, and the ability to speed biochemical reactions. Four major types of macromolecules—proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids—play these important roles in the life of a cell.

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